Mysteries Of Cahokia
When talking about civilizations that developed on the North American continent, then in most cases mean the civilization of the Aztecs or the Maya. Anyway, I think that nowhere but in modern Mexico, no centers of culture existed. In fact it is certainly not the case. Since its settlement by man, almost the whole territory of the Americas in varying degrees, was «cultivated».
However, it is a unique phenomenon, at the time almost up changed scientists ‘ ideas about the pre-Columbian period in U.S. history was the discovery of the remains of a huge settlement of Indians in Illinois. However, the «settlement» to call this historic site is difficult because of its scale and some peculiarities it was not just a city, but rather the capital of a state.
When, in the late 18th century the first representatives of «white» people came to Illinois, they founded the city of Collinsville, were surprised to the huge number of manmade hills, located near their new settlement. The natives called him Cahokia; new settlers, who traditionally gave all natural objects native American names, in this case did not depart from tradition and this name has survived to the present day. Translated from an Indian it meant «city of the Sun».
Over time, the discovery attracted the attention of scholars and the excavations have yielded surprising results: the mounds were the remains of ancient buildings, and the size of the whole complex was huge. Further investigation revealed that the city includes a variety of buildings, from homes to the inhabitants of the settlements of the nobility, giant temples, grain stores, the Arsenal and other things.
There were signs not just of civilization, and its center. The center, filled with all the attributes of government: from the barracks of the guards before the malls.
And was immediately made the statement that in 9-12 centuries in North America there was a so-called «Mississippi culture», which is the level of development was not only not worse than the Mayans or Aztecs, but in some ways they even surpassed.
To assess the real scale of the city the ancient Indians managed only relatively recently. It was a huge settlement, population and area superior to the London of that period. But the number who lived there residents at all was the undisputed champion of North America. Only in the mid-19th century, the population of Philadelphia, is equal to the population of Cahokia.
The Central structure of Cahokia was something so incredible that many scientists still cannot understand what was the true meaning of it. It was a giant mound, with a footprint of over 6 hectares and a height of about 50 meters. For its size it surpasses all the pyramids of Mexico and Egypt. And scientists was not embarrassed that the mound earth: and it was located inside stone tunnels and galleries, as well as numerous rooms large enough volume.
Outside the walls of the mounds were stone steps, and the building itself, apparently, was entirely faced with stone. Before the giant man-made hill was situated a huge square, where, apparently, different ceremonies were held.
The centers of the city was enclosed with a fence with the logs incredibly large for these purposes, the diameter (20 cm). Their height exceeded human growth more than doubled. Every 30 meters of fence was put a small patrol area (there were about a hundred), which always was the sentry.
Even in our days of automated production and advanced economies, contain several hundreds of guards the town centre (they were clearly more the number of towers because they couldn’t keep watch around the clock), to put it mildly, expensive. And if this was the place, therefore, were the sources of funding that allowed it to do. This is another argument in favor of the fact that in place of Cahokia was not just a settlement.
But the most interesting was not what the trappings of power had in this city. Its main mystery was a huge astronomical observation platform, built about half a kilometer from the Central square.
This platform for astronomical observations was presented by several rows of circles, which were installed stone and wooden pillars, indicating the basic coordinates of the starry sky: the place of sunrise and sunset in the equinoxes and solstices, the place of sunrise and sunset of the moon and some of the most bright stars.
The diameter of the biggest circle on the astronomy platform was 125 feet – it’s safe to say that at the time it was the largest Observatory on Earth.
There is no doubt that the Cahokia mounds state historic site was not just the center of a civilization, it was, in addition to the state, and spiritual center. At that time astronomy was part of religion and most likely, the priests of some cult and was the staff of the Observatory.
Unfortunately, nothing else about this city to say. Ruthless time has destroyed many of the monuments of this civilization, and we have only to guess who these people were, where they came from and what, in fact, engaged. They left virtually no written records of their life, so to judge their life only for those pieces of data that give us archaeologists.
It is known that since the beginning of the 13th century, Cahokia was left virtually anyone. That led to read the instantaneous disappearance of such a large number of people is unknown. It was not exactly war and hunger, as no evidence of such was not found.
And everything would be simple and not interesting, if not one «but». The fact that the decline of Cahokia for some amazing reason, has coincided with… the emergence of a new, completely alien to the tribe for Mesoamerican culture – the Aztecs.
Indeed, the first mention of the Aztecs are just the beginning of the 13th century. Moreover, they appear in the Yucatan almost out of nowhere. More precisely, not to nowhere, according to the testimony of the Indians living there, the Aztecs came from the North, but who they were and why they came – history is silent.
There were a few tens of thousands, they turned to local tribes to give them a territory where they could live, because they did not plan for war. The locals are mainly the descendants extinct by the time of civilization, of course, the special joy regarding outsiders experienced. However, I decided to give them a piece of land.
It was a desert island filled with poisonous snakes. The natives could not understand why outsiders are so happy to have such seemingly bad gift. It was simple: snakes were a favorite food of the aliens.
On a desert island, the Northmen had founded a new city which after a hundred years will be called Tenochtitlan, it is the capital of the Empire of the Aztecs and all the tribes around will be conquered by its owners, descendants of the mysterious strangers from the North.
Self Aztecs was «Mexica», that’s what they called themselves in the close circle. From this word comes the name of Mexico. But to communicate with other tribes (which were for the Aztec people of Central America) they used the word «Aztec»; it was translated as «somebody from Aztlan». Aztlán was considered the ancestral home of the Aztecs, a mysterious and mystical place, located somewhere in the North.
For a very long time, scientists searched for the alleged legendary city. Which versions not only have advanced from the settlements in Utah, the mystical Chicomoztoc or the legendary Atlantis.
Light on the discovery of the mysteries of the shed so-called «Code Boturini», an Aztec manuscript from the 15th century, stored at an Italian aristocratic family. Long time nobody was interested in it, but when the descendants Boturini gave the manuscript to the national Museum in Mexico city, she surfaced some interesting details from the life of the Aztecs.
In the manuscript, in particular, says that the Aztecs were slaves in Aztlan, but were able to revolt, to free themselves from slavery and sent South, where he founded their own state. It would seem that everything is simple and clear. However, the manuscript has illustrations. One of them shows directly the Exodus from Aztlan.
Image Aztlan is a group of seven buildings, one main and six auxiliary; they are the same, but the size is smaller. The most interesting is that the main structure is almost completely repeats the picture of the main Church in Cahokia, and six additional buildings – not just those that are in Cahokia outside the perimeter of the stockade.
Thus, it is not excluded that the ancestors of Aztecs were slaves in the culture of North American Indians. Most likely, the result raised rebellion, they have caused the state of the «Culture of Mississippi» such a blow that it has failed to recover from it.
But there is another option. In the history of the Aztecs known through blood sacrifice. It is possible that there, in the North, they are throwing off the shackles of slavery, decided firmly to take revenge on their former masters and made them a genocide that had to quickly cut bait and to run urgently to the South, from the coming of retribution…
And one more detail. In Illinois, where is Cahokia mounds state historic site, max lives in the United States the number of snakes. Anyone can search for information about the fauna of Illinois and to see this: for list of types of snakes is that inferior birds, much ahead of mammals. And that there is a «natural food» was the Aztec? Accidentally snake?
The descendants of the Aztecs still live in Mexico. Even now, in modern society, they have not forgotten about his origins, and who knows, maybe in the future, will open new secrets of this great civilization of the New world.