The circles in the history of Russia
Legends on suddenly, usually at night, appearing «circles» in the Russian long expanses exist in Russian folklore since time immemorial. An outstanding folklorist and ethnographer Alexander Afanasiev, in his book «Poetic views of the Slavs on nature,» noted that the Ukrainian peasants often excitedly told him about similar phenomena — round bald spots down the wheat or rye. Their origin farmers rationally could not explain, they insisted that these circles — is supposedly the place at in the night «dancing Mavka», that is evil. A. Afanasiev found similar information about the «crop circles» and in the Bulgarian folklore. He notes that in the ninth century in the skies over Bulgaria from time to time there are some «self-fork» or «self-divas». «Self-pitchfork rush through the air between heaven and earth…» Is, judging by the descriptions, humanoid creatures, but not people. When they fall to the ground, «they sing and dance through the meadows and left on the grass in large circles, consisting of a narrow, dead on their feet of the track.»But from the book folklorist M. Zabelina: «In the summer the villagers go to work, notice in meadows green or yellow circles… Circles have recently appeared, and before they were not. This news for healers is the Golden treasure. Healers take visitors with gifts and asking to protect them, visitors… Gathered from all over the village supplies the healer is in the field scapulae the circle of the earth, and the matter ends».Passed decades, even centuries, and rumors, talk about circles, find out in the morning, peasants in the fields, continue to spread to this day the Russian peasants. In different years has been recorded a few of these stories in the villages of Moscow and Vladimir areas, and also in the South of the country — in villages of the Rostov region and Krasnodar territory.The peasants living in the South of Russia, called such education «spitting devil». And rural residents of the Central regions of the USSR «vedenie circles». By the way, quite aptly.The character of Russian folklore devil — creature, as you know, evil and malicious, for every man is extremely dangerous. Saliva he believed to be poisonous. Damn spit — now there’s a footprint, «a circle on the field.» To enter the «spitting devil» is impossible: everything is «stinking evil force». This «deathtrap», «the poison place.»The etymology of the concept of «witch’s circle» is also clear. A witch is a person who sold his soul to the devil, the devil. A professional black magic, witch, according to popular belief, the only deals that brings damage to the people and to Pets. She can fly and flying exclusively at night in the «mortar» or «broom».According to the peasants, «witch’s circles» is the place of landing «stupa», «Pamela». The witch, filling the surroundings of the wild inhuman cries, supposedly dancing to some time in the night to «circle». Then flies away.As sixty says O. S. Timoshkina from the Serpukhov district of the Moscow region (1988), «even my mother was telling: «witch circle» not even half a step to enter — ill. It is a place cursed by God.» That V. Pomazov from the city of Serpukhov, Moscow region: «I am originally from Gorky. And still a child heard of «witch’s circles», supposedly appearing from time to time on the sidelines of the Gorky region. But personally, I never such «circles» not seen».In 1978, in the district of the Moscow region village of Sharapova Okhota was discovered «witch’s circle». It was examined by a group of enthusiasts consisting of V. Fomenko, Yury Simakov, A. Pluzhnikov, at that time, candidates of Sciences. In his unpublished collective work «On the study of points of contact of the UFO with the surface of the Earth,» they point out that on the «circle» samples were taken of soil. The analysis showed that the «round imprint on the earth has a strange effect on the microfauna of the soil. Studied protozoa. Was that where sat the object in the soil protozoa are absent. And disappeared and flagellates, and ciliates». Meanwhile, in every cubic decimeter of land, taken literally a few inches from the «circle», they numbered in the thousands.The authors stress that it is not always possible to see the place of the alleged landing of a UFO. Sometimes after interviewing witnesses the landing of a «flying saucer» researchers, along with them going to the landing zone, there are no «circles» there are. In this case, to search for the landing site was applied to the biophysical frame is l-shaped and U-shaped. According to A. Pluzhnikov in the already cited article «study of the landing places of the UFO»: «biolocation Operator is a person who has developed the subconscious ability to sense anomalies in the environment.» «The method of dowsing allows for ten to twenty minutes to not reveal a visible eye, the landing of a UFO or what we take for a landing place».Area detected by boilingly, that is, obtain the bearing on it from different locations grain fields or grassy meadows. A. Pluzhnikov says: «the Method is this: done several passes in different directions, formed a system of points, then an adjustment».In this way it was discovered in Moscow a few invisible «witch circles».Sometimes on a frame in the hands of the operator were rotated in different sectors «circles» with different speeds. Due to this effect on the landing site in the area, for example, the village of Sharapova Okhota the anomaly was detected — a Central spot with a diameter of about five meters. At a distance of fifteen meters from the Central spot was recorded ring anomaly with a width of two feet. The perimeter zone was the third such ring.The Central spot diameter of about three meters has been found on the site of the landing of «flying saucers» near the village Podrezkovo Moscow region. However, no ring anomalies was not identified. And the «witch’s circle» in the vicinity of the city of New Jerusalem in Moscow region was recorded energy anomaly in the form of eight.Research is not visible to the eye «circles» in the district Podrezkovo suburban community, Levkov, strokino strokino Slasheva and other conducted besides using electrical devices. Evaluation of the measurements showed that in some «circles» is not one of the abnormal «spot», and the three. And their geometric centers are not the same.It has been suggested that the first «spot» — a consequence of braking at the time of landing of UFOs, actually the second trail landing, and the third — from short-term unresponsiveness of the object during takeoff. The same is claimed, and the witnesses, observed during landing, braking time and when the object was up — hitch a UFO.The most powerful signal came directly from the track landing. «It is interesting to note that at the intersections of such abnormal spots on the ground there are special active points, fixed appliances,» pointed out R. Varlamov in the «collation of data for the study of physical traces of UFOs».Participated in research of «circles» N. Soceanu, candidate of geological-mineralogical Sciences, collecting rock samples on some of the anomalous areas, conducted the spectral and silicate chemical analyses of the samples lb. Having established that in the samples there are sharp differences on a number of elements, he made more and mineralogical analysis.Samples taken in «circle the field», every time were compared with samples outside. According to the results, for example, analyses the «spot» in the village Podrezkovo, the amount of lead in it was higher than the background in 14 times, mercury — 8 times, mn — 6 times that of the zirconium — 2.5 times. Sampling resulted in significant differences in 20 items.And circular anomalies near the village of Rastorguevo, Moscow region, the difference in the content of the items on the «spot» compared to the background was this: tin is 2.5 times that of copper 3 times, on zinc — too 3 times, silver 5 times in the lead — in 8 times, mo — 20 times.No less puzzling, and the results of chemical analysis of plants collected on the «circles». Thus, for example, has compiled a herbarium in the area of the alleged UFO landing in the vicinity of the village Perkhushkovo, Moscow region. It was revealed the percentage of trace elements in cereal crops collected on the «spot». To cite just a few figures: the variation in potash — 11 to 27%, phosphorus — from 8 to 11 percent for nitrogen and from 9 to 11%.L. Virgin in his work (unpublished) «the Results of chemical analysis of plants from the landings,» writes: «a reasonable question Arises: how ordinary or unusual the results? As you know all the agronomists, in natural conditions, the amount of minerals in dry matter of cereals does not exceed 2-3%. Depending on the impact of fertilizers and varietal characteristics quantitative index can reach 5-8%, but not more. However, the analysis of plants from the planting showed that the spread of abnormally higher than normal».