The mystery figures from the Peruvian city: the bloody sacrifice or the instructions for doctors?
When it comes to the ancient civilizations of America, usually just remember clearly presented in books and films the bloody rites and sacrifices of the Incas and the Maya: the priests, to pull out from the hearts of the people rolling on the steps of temples cut off the head.
How do we know that in the New world before the arrival of Europeans were made of such rituals? Yes themselves the ancient Indians and left us plenty of evidence: the frightening drawings on the walls of ancient buildings with images of a bloody mess.
In 1937, the valley of the river Sechin, near the modern city of Casma, an archaeologist Julio césar Tello in a group of Peruvian and German scientists have discovered the ruins of several ancient buildings. This archaeological monument called Sechin named the river flowing nearby, and considered him a contemporary of another ancient Peruvian complex of Caral (built between 2627 and 2100 BC).
But what was the surprise of researchers, when, during excavations under the remains of a circular stone square (Plaza) I found another — more ancient, and beneath it again and again. All, presumably, in the hidden depth of 4 or 5 of these squares, built one above the other.
The Complex Of Sechin Bajo
Apparently, the builders of these structures approximately every 100— 300 years were built on the old Plaza new. And after radiocarbon analyses of modern scientists came to the conclusion that the earliest construction Sechin — about 5500 years. It turns out that Caral and the Egyptian pyramids by at least a Millennium younger Sechin!
In no other part of Peru is not located close to each other so many temple complexes. For the casual tourist, accustomed to the «wonders of architecture», these monuments, however, unremarkable. Time has changed them almost beyond recognition. The ancient pyramids are not able to withstand the slow work of natural forces. The wind and the water was stronger than the calculations of the builders.
The oldest building here is Sechin Bajo. The overall dimensions of the complex of Sechin Bajo is approximately 200×140 m. As noted by the German archaeologist Renate Paschke, «the people who built this sanctuary, of course, brilliantly versed in architecture». The temple complex was built mainly of large stones taken from the surrounding mountains and then cut.
It is not known what it was for the people who built this complex, why he left this place and went somewhere. Perhaps the answer is to give the walls of the other of the complex — Cerro Sechin, located about a kilometer from Sechin Bajo. This place has survived 7 buildings, and the degree of their preservation can not please the archaeologists.
The Complex Of Cerro Sechin
The temple of Cerro Sechin was not destroyed by the warlike tribes, he was not sacked by the conquistadors, not dismantled for building materials farmers from the surrounding poor villages. Around 1300 BC, the temple was buried by the avalanche and remained buried before coming Peruvian and German researchers.
The earliest building here is the Plaza with a diameter of 14 meters, where the ancient inhabitants held meetings and ceremonies. Later on it was built of rectangular mud-brick temple. The building rests on a stepped platform, built in the period between 2400 and 2200 BC the Central part of the temple decorated with images of creatures, resembling predatory cats.
Later the sanctuary was expanded, and on both sides of the entrance portal appeared colored reliefs depicting the 5-foot fish, which reveal the terrible fall. Looks like they are trying to swallow a severed human heads, protruding from them.
And still later, about 1900 BC — the structure is additionally surrounded by a wall of 400 stone slabs with height up to 4 m engraved images.
It is these figures with horrific details tell us about the builders of Sechin. The tourists are amazed by the view depicted on the bas-reliefs of severed heads, arms and legs, torn out eyes, bones, vertebral columns, bubbling fountain of blood…
And above all this rise the not the soldiers, not the priests raised to strike weapons. According to many researchers, thus sichyntsi sacrificed to their gods. Almost all victims the figures lack eyes. Perhaps Sechin priests specially pulled them out before quartered man, that he could not then see from the world of the dead for their killer.
Over time, this temple has lost its former importance and was carefully blocked up to the level at which the end plate with reliefs. «Back to the temple it was still possible to enter, so he was only half closed,» says Peter Fuchs.
Obviously, this was done in order to hide from visitors to the scene of a brutal, murderous binge. «But to destroy the reliefs were not the researcher notes. — Maybe they are just afraid to do it, because, as they say, the devil is not joking».
But there is another version of the origin of the bloody pictures — more peaceful. So, Dr. Victor Paredes Ruiz — one of the researchers of ancient ruins, this place proves not the cruelty of the ancient people, and their level of knowledge in the field of medicine. Sechin is not a temple in which human sacrifices, but only the hospital.
Priests are not here quartered people, and Vice versa — treated. On the walls were the same no image of the massacres, but only textbooks with which sichyntsi passed on knowledge to the next generations.
After all, if you imagine that in the Millennium our very distant descendants will suddenly discover the ruins of some of the medical Academy, where they will see the stands with images of people without their skin and bodies, containers with body parts in formaldehyde, pictures of surgeons…
Maybe people of the future where medicine, for example, will be based on completely different principles, too, will be horrified by what the blood rituals was performed by priests in white robes are extremely far in the twenty-first century?
«On the walls we see not only the image of severed limbs and internal organs: esophagus, stomach, kidney, small intestine (and with an exact observance of the curves), says Dr. Ruiz. Prints the pelvis, spine, sacrum — all done with amazing perfection!»
In his opinion, Sechin was the school and, undoubtedly, the most ancient medical institution in the world. Surgeons have studied the anatomy of the human body. Perhaps this explains the lack of on the walls the images of the gods. After all, if it was a temple, the gods would occupy a Central place.
Proof that ancient Americans possessed a vast knowledge in the field of medicine, we meet the Incas. They recognized more than 70 different disorders and their anatomical dictionary included about 60 terms.
It is also known that the Indian priests were able to carry out the operation of craniotomy, removing of the broken head of the bone fragments and to close those holes gold plates.
Discovered by archaeologists in the settlements of the Inca 411 skulls, 66 have holes clearly a medical origin. As the primary surgical tool the Indians used a knife Tumi, although there are they and obsidian knives, needles, scalpels, tweezers. Maybe the Incas took over these secrets from their ancestors sichyntsi?