Mysterious colorful cotton, gifted by the Gods to the ancient Aztecs
In the mid-thirteenth century in the Mexican highlands has a new ethnic group. Her migration was led by the God Huitzilopochtli, who spoke to his people through the sacred casket (similar to the «ark» that carried on the shoulders of the Hebrews during the Exodus described in the Bible).
The origins of this nation are lost in the fog of myths and legends. In any case, it is known that in the course of their Odyssey they called themselves maxicinema, and later Mexico (Mexica). Today we call them the Aztecs. Their God also made sure to hold his chosen people through all kinds of troubles and ordeals:
«O Mexicans, it is your duty and responsibility you have to be vigilant and wait. You should avoid all four corners of the earth. Be brave, bother the body, head and hands. It will cost you a lot of sweat, toil and blood, if you want to get out there and enjoy all this: and emeralds, and precious stones, and gold, and silver, and with precious feathers, and cocoa, brought from distant lands, and colored cotton, and fragrant trees, and with precious fruit. All of this is my promise, and for that I was sent here.» («Chronicle Of Mexicayotl».)
What was formerly considered only an episode of tales about the wanderings of the Aztecs, for the researcher paleocontact (paleocontact theory claims that the Earth in ancient times was visited by representatives of advanced civilizations) can be a valuable witness. Among other rewards, God Huitzilopochtli promised the Wanderers as a reward for the long journey and hardships, were «colored cotton».
The idea of colorful cotton growing right on the stem, is a motif in mythology is located. The Mayan people gave him a very specific shape in the «Book Chilam Balam Chumayel». The set of texts written in the Spanish language based on ancient Indian lore, says:
«The Lord of the South is the great progenitor of the genus UCA. His name was X-Kan Takai. He is also the progenitor of the sort of Ah-Pook. Nine rivers guarded by the people [of this kind]. They guard nine mountains. Red stone — this stone Chuck-Mukin-Kaba, the great guardian of honey. Prorastanie this red cotton giving in his secret heart, grows in the South».
The most striking thing here clearly indicate the real existence of cultivated plants. Further, the text of the tradition provides other accurate Botanical and Zoological descriptions, such as: «Beans of the beans with a yellow back [pod] or his Turkey — red Turkey with yellow scallop». Mention of such details gives the legend more credibility.
Plain white cotton
As paradoxical and at the same time curious fact that modern botany unknown colored cotton growing in the Bush. Plant Malva gives only a grayish-yellowish white, sometimes slightly reddish.
Plantation owners in the southern United States, in the Caribbean and in some Asian countries from generation to generation tried in vain to make their crossing and to «improve» nature. The thing is, naturally coloured cotton would avoid expensive and time-consuming process of staining and fixing of the fiber.
The colored cotton is not a mythical thing. In far away Mexico Turkmenistan is really growing colored cotton. But cotton this is a recently formed through careful selection.
The creation of this so-called transgenic cotton were obtained genes of cotton are currently 15 shades — from brown to green. The tone of these colors, according to engineers, to geneticists, do not fade and lose intensity, even when washed at 95° C.
In 2017, multi-colored cotton has managed to create and breeders of Volgograd
In search of evidence
Could it in ancient times in America exist colored cotton, as stated in the myths linking him to the creatures, which had the status of gods? Cotton has minimal immunity against all kinds of pests. Moreover, Mexico is the birthplace of the beetles, pests, eating the head of cotton.
Thus, in such conditions it is highly unlikely that there could be bred to color cotton, ascending to the «heavenly teachers.»
Final clarity on this issue will be made only when the conservative-minded archaeologists will finally be forced to abandon their inveterate prejudice. Discoveries of fabrics in the Central American region meticulously numbered and entered in the directory, and then covered with a thick dust of forgetfulness. Chemical analyses and studies for the validity of assumptions made here, as far as we know, never been!
Fiber derived from cotton was processed in Ancient Mexico with the help of a hand spindle, consisting of a wooden pole to which was attached a rotatable element with a small weight to counterbalance. Of course, the obtained white threads were dyed with natural dyes in different colors, among which were the red obtained from cochineal, which is made from special varieties of cacti, and purple from shellfish, which was mined in the Pacific ocean and which gave a vivid intense color.
However, these dyes are familiar to archaeologists, does not mean that the fabric and garments that were made using them and was worn primarily during ritual ceremonies, were derived from «genetically modified» colored cotton.
Spanish Franciscan monk, famous chronicler Bernardino de Sahagun, who arrived in New Spain in 1529, with interest collected and recorded the local tradition. In his work «Historia General» («General history») he gives interesting details:
«In this section we will focus on tolteca, who first settled in this country…» (book X, Chapter 29). «They (the Toltecs) was very rich. Food and other supplies didn’t cost them almost nothing. Tell you what pumpkin they had particularly large, and many of them were perfectly round. The maize cobs (of corn), they were the size of a hand millstone and was so long that they could hardly clasp hands. The cotton they had a variety of colors: light red, pink, and yellow, and purple, and light green, and dark green, and orange, and black, and jeltokoren. Yarn spun from it was so colorful that it had no reason to paint». (book III, Chapter 5).
Of course, skeptics and doubter, declaring the evidence of ancient texts is nothing more than the fruits of imagination, no doubt to take into question these very specific descriptions. However, studies have repeatedly expressed the opinion that the evidence Sahagun back to the unknown «authoritative sources» and that they are not in the least have not undergone processing!
This raw material was widespread in Mesoamerica and the Yucatan province was famous for its cotton fabrics, which were exported to many countries. It is even conceivable that the basis of the economic life of the Yucatan was not only the cultivation of maize, but also the cultivation of mallow (Gossypium hirsutum). Organized system of trade in these goods was connected Mexico with the Mayans.
Unfortunately, due to the fact that these places are located in a humid and hot climate, there are virtually no preserved tissue pre-Hispanic era. With the exception of the remnants of the sacred cenote (vestments), found in Chichen-Itza, we almost did not have samples of cotton fabrics Mayan.
The Aztecs were dressed in bright clothes. Whether it was colorful or plain cotton, and later painted — unknown
The only thing that has come down to us, is the image in manuscripts of the icons, where are the men in colorful and elaborately stitched garments. The vast majority of these artifacts must have been painted in different colours by the hands of the Indians, but the detailed and focused laboratory studies conducted day after day, could, figuratively speaking, to catch the legends on the word.
And a single sample of undyed textile fibres (still red, green or blue) could be considered evidence for ancient evidence. A subtle piece of yarn could be of the hypothesis paleocontacts important and a weighty argument in its favor!