Facts and legends about a mysterious count Cagliostro
2 Jun 1743 in Palermo, Sicily to a poor family, he was born Giuseppe Balsamo. Although it is not contested that the count of Cagliostro and Giuseppe Balsamo is one and the same person, the count himself denied it. He claimed that he was born and raised in Medina.
When he didn’t elaborate, but hinted that it happened centuries ago. Son Christian, a good Catholic himself, he nevertheless has absorbed from a young age all the wisdom of the East, first in the scorching heat of Arabia, then in the country of pyramids educators put it, «the secret knowledge», to the traditions of «high» magic of art.
But even if we assume that Cagliostro lied to, the confusion surrounding his place of birth is not too clear. Why is it assumed that Balsamo-Cagliostro, was born in a respectable neighborhood of Palermo, in fact, spent his childhood in the narrow and dirty lanes around the market square. No wonder the boy wanted to get out of here any way.
No matter what he would have had to resort to magic or fraud. It is no wonder that in his Mature years, he created a romantic legend about their origin. The very name of Giuseppe Balsamo, if it is converted with the aid of cabalistic methods, means «He who was sent» or «Given,» and «Mr. Sun» — shows that it was not his true family name.
Documents show that at least with the place of baptism of the little Giuseppe was lucky. The ceremony was held in the Cathedral of Palermo, where the ashes of ancient kings.
Balsamo father died shortly after the birth of her son, and the family was constantly in danger of slipping into poverty. But that did not stop the grandmother Balsamo prophesy to his grandson the title of count, and mothers — to ignore the fact that the boy was deceitful and cunning, and entertain themselves with prophetic dreams. In her dreams, Giuseppe married the Earl’s daughter and became the noble and rich.
In Palermo the future count was apprenticed to his uncle, a pharmacist. That’s according to one version. Another is that in his youth Cagliostro lived on Rhodes, along with «the great sage hermetic», whose name was Aldotcom, and received from him instruction in the secret Sciences.
For the first time, the future great wizard left his hometown Palermo (unless, of course, Palermo was really his hometown) at the age of 17. But he went yet very close — in the Sicilian town of Caltagirone there in the monastery to continue his education.
In Petersburg in 1779, the famous count Cagliostro arrived from Courland, and plans had been the most daring. For example, he expected to take a strong position in the Russian court, having captivating Empress Catherine. But apparently, he overestimated his capabilities.
However, Catherine, though not resorted to the services of a magician and astrologer, who recommended him to his neighbors, so the first step to the conquest of St. Petersburg was still made. And Cagliostro unfolded in full. He began with a session of black magic and white magic without any of her revelations.
The session took place in the house of the General of artillery Melissino and made quite a strong impression. Then the count expelled the devil from the possessed Zalogina Basil, after which he engaged in the healing of various diseases. At first he did not take any money from patients and even on the contrary, help those in need. But when his fame increased, he began to demand exorbitant fees for their services.
Having suffered a fiasco with the Empress Catherine, the Earl decided to go the other way. He introduced and almost brought his wife, the beautiful Lorenza a favorite of Catherine — his serene Highness Prince Potemkin. And Potemkin, first tuned in relation to the magical abilities of Cagliostro is rather skeptical, still agreed to take part in some experiments.
For example, Cagliostro invited the Prince to triple its whole gold reserve. Grigory was, understandably, one of the richest men in Europe, but on the experience agreed. First, out of curiosity, and secondly a feeling of sympathy for the Countess of Cagliostro.
After manipulating Cagliostro gold weighed and subjected to analysis. Oddly enough, it really became three times more. But Cagliostro and the loser does not left one-third of this mysterious gold he received for the works.
These meetings were held, in particular, in the pavilion rotunda — one of the buildings of the Yelagin Palace complex. During restoration work in the basement of the Rotunda were found mysterious vessels, the purpose of which is unknown.
«Rotunda», or, as it is called, «Pavilion under the flag», is surrounded by larch trees, which are symbolic of the tree of Freemasonry, and also is the meeting place of the four basic elements — air, water, earth and sun. And because he was considered the most suitable place for various mystical experiences and was appreciated by the count of Cagliostro.
Besides Cagliostro was his habit everywhere to promise different clades reported by Russian masons that somewhere in the basement of the Rotunda contains all the same manuscripts of king Solomon that he was going to find the Courland nobility.
However, the count has surpassed himself in the absurdity of their statements. He said the Russian enlightened society that these cellars not hide anything, and the sarcophagus of Homer. Incidentally, after the Secretary Elagina damaged mind from all the things happening around him mystics, Ober-Hofmeister told me to fill the basement, and unearthed it during a recent restoration.
The Ghost of count Cagliostro keeps at Bay the Italian city of Arezzo
Eternal wanderer Ahasuerus
It would seem that the count of Cagliostro in Russia were successful. He was in favor of Potemkin, he was received in the highest light. But still Russian society as a whole was much more skeptical than romantic or passionate Gauls courlanders.
And besides, the patronage of Potemkin, in the end, left column sideways. Mother Catherine quickly realized that her favorite is not keen on the secret Sciences and the charms of the mistress of Cagliostro.
Being a strong woman, she quickly put his Highness in place, and Cagliostro commanded as quickly as possible to leave the house on the Palace embankment, which he held, and indeed the Russian Empire. And in addition wrote a Comedy called «the Deceiver», where led him, under the name of quack Qualifiaction. The upper light on the Comedy laughed a lot, and especially about count Cagliostro was not sorry.
Cagliostro returned from travels through Europe to Italy in 1789 and decided to settle in Rome. Together with his wife Lorenzo he settled in the Plaza of Spain, close to the Embassy of the order of St. John. Cagliostro in his youth spent several years in Malta and suck up to the master of the Maltese order.
In Rome, Cagliostro, as elsewhere, practiced as a physician and occult Sciences. But he knew that such activities in the vicinity of the papacy and the Inquisition is not quite safe, and therefore not particularly zealous. Its main business in Rome was an attempt to create one of their secret Masonic lodges of the Egyptian rite.
In this he saw as a big risk. But Cagliostro miscalculated. For the time that he lived in Rome, the situation changed radically. The great French revolution, which many associated with Masonic influence, terrorized the clergy. And clergymen were hastily leaving the Masonic Lodge. So Cagliostro picked a bad time for their venture. And no wonder that soon after his arrival he was arrested on charges of Freemasonry.
Cagliostro was imprisoned in the castle of Sant ‘ Angelo, and began a long legal process. The Earl was tried simultaneously and in a magical exercise, and in Masonic activities. The inquisitors could not decide whether count Cagliostro a real magician, and therefore the person associated with evil spirits, whether lumagem, that is a fraud.
In the end, he was charged in that and in other and in contact with the demons, and deception. They also said that the major role in the charges played a Lorenz, who testified against her husband. If this was true, it didn’t save her, she was sentenced to life imprisonment in a convent, where she died. Many claimed afterwards that her Ghost wanders the Plaza of Spain and bitter regrets are useless treachery.
Himself count Cagliostro was sentenced to an exemplary death, that is, to public burning. But at the last moment, the Pope commuted the death penalty to life imprisonment.
There is a legend that immediately after the imposition of the death penalty in the Vatican was a stranger, whom no one has seen neither before nor after. He demanded a personal audience with the Pope, sending him by the cardinal Secretary a word instead of a name. Dad immediately took it, but the audience lasted only a few minutes. And before he could leave, as the Pope gave the order to abolish the death penalty count Cagliostro.
On 7 April 1791 in the Church of Santa Maria in Piazza Minerva square, the solemn ritual of repentance. Cagliostro, barefoot, in a simple shirt, was kneeling with a candle in his hands and prayed to God for forgiveness, but this time in front of the Church the executioner burned all the magic of the book of Cagliostro, and all of his magical equipment.
Then Cagliostro was taken to the castle of San Leo. The majestic fortress is located high in the mountains of Tuscany, in those days it belonged to the papal state. Like many such strongholds, it served as both a fortress and a prison. The castle was built on top of a huge rock, almost perpendicular on both sides.
The offender here was taken in camera in a special box in which the jailer with the help of ropes and pulleys lifted it to the wind speed.
In the dark the camera Cagliostro spent four years. And after he, according to eyewitnesses, managed without any tools to turn the rusty nail into the fine steel stiletto, frightened the guards bound him in chains.
To guard Cagliostro was a matter of restless. The jailers were ordered to be particularly vigilant. Especially in the papal Curia came an anonymous letter in which it was reported that fans of the count are going to release it with a balloon. But balloon Cagliostro did not wait.
Four years spent in close cheese stone bag, did its job, and the immortal count 26 Aug 1795 and died. Some say pneumonia, others claim that the poison poured he captors. And some believe that his death was caused by apoplexy.
There are masons who to this day tell in Italy with strange stories. Some of them say that Cagliostro inexplicably disappeared from his celestial prison, and, of course, forced his jailers to spread the message about his death and burial.
Others argue that he is not only gone, but thanks to the elixir of life, is still alive and lives now somewhere in India or in Tibet.