Was it the curse? The Mystery Of Tamerlan
To date, a lot of people, including some scientists, continue to believe in the legend of the curse of Tamerlan’s tomb. Moreover, some are convinced that it is the opening of this tomb has subsequently led to the outbreak of the Second World war. The age of this legend is relatively young, but despite this historic, its roots deep enough.
It should be noted that among men are popular legends that tell of terrible curses, caused the dead to those who dared to open their burial. These kinds of myths in every corner of the world there are many, and their age in some cases reaches hundreds of years. Despite the fact that the contents of all of these myths different, makes them one and the same feature of the human psyche is the fear of death. However, there is one common feature – no curse in fact does not exist.
Probably, it is necessary to start from the beginning, that is, from the birth of the future great commander. He was born in one of the Mongol tribes in 1336. After three decades of talking about it, since by 1370, Tamerlane has already managed to achieve considerable success in the conquest of the land, and he owned a vast territory.
After the defeat of the Horde, Tamerlane made Samarkand the capital of his own state. This city has become one of the most important items a caravan route that ran from Europe. Tamerlane made military campaigns until old age. Moreover, he died also during one of his campaigns – it happened in 1405, while on his way to China.
For a long time scientists have argued about where was buried the great ancient military leader. Some have argued that Tamerlane was laid to rest in his native village, and others said that his remains were buried on the territory of Samarkand, the Gur-Emir. In Shakhrisabz, the birthplace of the future great ruler, even when his life was built deep vertical tomb, which was laid out by a stone, but it remained empty. Therefore, decided to conduct excavations in the Gur-Emir.
In the composition of the government Commission were the historian and writer Sadriddin Ayni, cameraman Malik Kayumov, orientalist A. Semenov. Was appointed a Director of T. Kara-Niyazov. Priority objective of the expedition was to study human remains in the tomb and the proof that these remains belonged either to Timur, or his relatives.
The beginning of excavations was launched on June 16. The first was opened tomb of the sons of Ulugbek and of the sons of Tamerlane. Two days later was opened the tomb of Ulugbek, grandson of Tamerlane, and then the scientists removed the tombstone from the grave of Tamerlane. The mausoleum was filled with the smell of aromatic substances that were used in the embalming process. Researchers did not stop threatening the inscription on the tomb of Timur – the warning that opening the sarcophagus in the world will break out a terrible and brutal war. It’s a bit stopped scientists, but they still decided to open the tomb, which he did on 21 June.
It should be noted that the expedition went wrong from the beginning. Before starting on a construction site near the excavation site of the accident occurred, and water began to fill the sarcophagus, and only by extreme effort she managed to stop. The opening of the tomb of Tamerlan himself also did not go smoothly – first, broke the winch, then turn out the lights, and furthermore breathing inside the sarcophagus was very difficult. In addition, Muslim clerics and local residents tried to stop the dig. All this gave rise to the first talk of a possible curse. Has raised many questions and an unusual glow that managed to capture on film. However, to establish exactly what it was – whether a defect in the film itself, whether with the electrification characteristic of dry air failed. However, scientists, overcoming fear, continued the excavations.
After opening the tomb, the researchers saw the remains of the man, who in life tall and had a large head and deformed spinal vertebrae (the distinctive feature of all the Timurids). Scientists no longer doubt that before them was the great Tamerlane.
They returned to the hotel, and on the morning of the next day came the sad news – the war has started. Unwittingly, the members of the expedition remembered about the curse. So they had no choice, how to minimize the excavation and in obtained samples to go to Moscow.
Kayumov became a military cameraman. He managed to get a meeting with Zhukov, whom he told about the results of the expedition and the curse, in which he believed. And Zhukov allegedly promised to facilitate the return of the remains of Tamerlane. About the need to bury the remains of the great commander and all his relatives were informed M. Gerasimov, who was involved in recreating the appearance of the representatives of the ancient dynasty. He had to speed up the work and complete it much earlier than expected. The remains were ready to be sent back to Samarkand, however, they got there immediately, but only a month later, in mid-November 1942.
Proponents of the theory of the existence of the curse say that as soon as the remains were reburied in the course of the war reached a turning point. Supposedly the plane with the remains of Timur flew over the front line during the month that gave rise to elation among those who fought on the fronts of the Muslims. Some specialists say that this event determined the victory in the battle of Stalingrad, which became one of the most terrible and most heroic battles in the entire history of the Second World war. On the other hand, there are no objective sources, no eyewitnesses to this.
This could be and finish this tragic story, if not one «but»: in 1943, Moscow has allocated for the restoration of the Gur Emir one million rubles, although it would seem, for this type of behaviour is not very appropriate…
Modern scientists are more sober in assessing the situation, therefore, the majority is convinced that no curse of Tamerlane does not exist. Thus, in particular, A. Shabashov says that the expedition, which was organized by Stalin in the first place, it was necessary to search for the treasure of Tamerlane, which were urgently needed in view of the imminent war with Germany. If you follow the logic, then the beginning of the war and the start date of the excavation was approximately the same.
And Igor Bunich in his historical chronicle «the party’s Gold», wrote about the Soviet government sought to concentrate in their hands all the gold and precious stones. In Russia and in Ukraine even before the outbreak of war in search of gold was opened almost all the graves, but the Central Asian territories remained untouched.
Under Islamic law, the desecration of graves is one of the most terrible crimes. Besides, on the territory of Central Asia were the liberation war, why the Soviet leadership didn’t want to annoy the local population.
However, soon the party and thinking about the countless treasures of Tamerlane, which he, according to legend, was ordered to put together with him to the tomb. In late spring 1941 in Samarkand was sent expedition from the Hermitage. Masood Alaev, which was the guardian of the memorial, was horrified, and showed the researchers cautionary words etched on the tombstone of the great commander. To be sure, scientists reported this to senior management. In the end, Alaev was arrested for spreading panic and false rumors.
There is another oddity – Kayumov, talking about the coincidence of the first great victory of the Soviet troops and reburial of the remains of Tamerlane, for some reason «forgot» to mention about the victory near Moscow. Thus, he created the areola of mystery to his vision of the course of events and drove the story for their words.
In a similar way to deal with history is impossible, because it is possible to agree and before that the opening of the tomb of Timur and was the main reason for the outbreak of the Second World war, although in reality the war started in 1939 from the moment Nazi Germany attacked Poland, and the plan «Barbarossa», Hitler approved in 1940.
The subject is the opening of the tombs and the graves, of course, is not devoid of interest, and therefore deserves the attention of researchers. However, the most important thing is that nothing is confused and does not think that it is sometimes very difficult.