Liquidators 9/11 struck by a mysterious epidemic of blood cancer
The rescue, putting out fires and handling the rubble at the site of the twin towers of the world trade center in new York, destroyed by terrorists on 11 September 2001, unusually often suffer from blood cancer, said doctors in an article published in the journal JAMA Oncology.
«We found that many rescuers and volunteers were carriers of monoclonal gammopathy, a precursor of blood cancer, and this was true even for young people. This suggests that in the future, firefighters will be much more likely to be victims of myeloma than the other inhabitants of the city,» said Amit Verma (Amit Verma) from the Medical College of Alberta Einstein in new York (USA).
Scientists have long suspected that fire is not a safe occupation, not only because fire, heat and smoke can kill a fireman when he’s trying to save people, but also because staying in such an atmosphere can contribute to the development of cancer.
For example, ten years ago, experts at the International Agency for research on cancer (IARC) have suggested that the work of a firefighter can increase the likelihood of developing cancer. Subsequently, this hypothesis was partially confirmed American medical services, monitor the health of rescuers, and a year ago canadian doctors revealed the mechanism of development of tumors in the body of firefighters.
Verma and his colleagues have long been interested in how the suppression of fires and analysis of blockages on a place of the world trade center could affect the health of the rescuers and their susceptibility to cancer.
The fact that the collapse of the twin towers and the subsequent fire was thrown into the air a huge amount of asbestos dust, aromatic hydrocarbons and other carcinogens. Most of them have settled or remained in the air in the ruins that the rescue workers and volunteers dismantled over ten months.
As suggested by scientists, so long a contact with hazardous substances had to have a serious impact on the health of the rescuers. To test this idea, they collected and analyzed samples of blood and tissue from eight hundred liquidators 9/11.
Suspicions were justified — those who participated in the rubble, about two times more likely to suffer from early forms of myeloma (blood cancer) than the rest of the people of new York.
Then doctors checked, when the fire grew more serious malignancy. As it turned out, the first severe cases of myeloma began to appear they are already on 57-m to year of life — about 12 years earlier than other Americans.
All this is emphasized by Verma should take account of health and social services to help a firefighter avoid the development of blood cancer and to minimize costs to fight it.