The existence of animation in the stone age (photo)
Secrets of the past: the existence of animation in the stone age. Although hand-drawn animation and cinema appeared in the XIX century, the first attempts to represent movement were made by stone age man. To such conclusion came researchers from France after twenty years of exploring caves, the walls of which were covered in cave paintings of the Paleolithic era.
The experts analyzed the pictures telling about the events of prehistoric life and often illustrating animals in motion: galloping, trotting running or sneaking.
So, on the walls of the Chauvet cave the story unfolds, captures the prehistoric hunters. Ten-the canvas depicts a group of lions stalking and chasing bison.
In an article published in the journal Antiquity, the researchers explain that a bison from the Chauvet cave knowingly drawn with eight limbs. Considering the picture by the light of torches from different angles, the cave men enjoyed the illusion of motion.
In France, specialists have studied the 12 caves, containing a total of 53 drawing animals (twenty of which were discovered in the cave of Lascaux), moving legs, tail or head.
In addition to rock art, archaeologists studied covered with images of stone and bone discs with holes in the middle, with etched on both sides of the animal in different poses.
The findings were examples of prehistoric thaumatropes – ROM with pictures on opposite sides, the rotation of which around the axis, creates the illusion of a single image.
The principle of operation of thaumatrope (name translated from Greek means «the wonder of rotation») is based on the ability of human eyes to remember the image for a split second.
It is believed that the first such toys have appeared in the XIX century, but in 2007, French scientists have proved experimentally that this is not true. Ancient rotating disk could be observed as the animal alternates posture from standing to sitting.
«Thaumatrope Paleolithic can be considered the earliest step of mankind towards the invention of cinema,» conclude the researchers, based on the materials .