Ancient Sumerian records say the Land was ruled by the 8 immortal kings for 241200 years
Not many artifacts found on a dig in Iraq, where once stood a thriving city of the Sumerians, are more intriguing than the Sumerian “king list”, which is an ancient manuscript written in the language of the Sumerians, including a full list of Sumerian rulers (currently this area of southern Iraq) and the ruling dynasties in Sumer and neighboring areas. Also it lists the estimated period of reign of these rulers, as well as the “official” place of reign. This artifact is special because of what it looks like blended the mythical rulers of the pre-dynasties, the rulers whose existence was proved by historians.
The first fragment of this rare and unique text printed on the wedge-shaped Board, which is 4,000 years old, was found in 1900 year, the German-American scientist Herman Hilprecht in the excavation of ancient Nipura and published in 1906. Since Hilprecht were found more than 18 fragments of this list, most of which date from the second dynasty ISIN (2017-1974 G. D. E.) has Not been found any fragment repeated. However, the collected fragments of the list enough to say that they are all taken from the same source describing the history of the Sumerians.
Other examples of cuneiform prism Nela-Blondel from the Oxford collection cuneiform in the Museum of the city of new theatre, is the most well-preserved and complete version of the “Royal list”. The prism is 20 cm in height contains inscriptions on all 4 sides, two columns of text each. It is believed that once the prism rested on a kind of stand with a wooden rod inside, so that it can be rotated, and to read the inscriptions on all four sides. The list includes rulers of the ancient dynasties (“before the flood”), which ends the fourteenth ruler of the dynasty Isign. (1763-1753г. BC)
The list has great value, because on the one hand it describes a very ancient tradition and on the other presents a clear chronological sequence of the different periods of reign in Sumer, which you can use to compile a family tree.
The ancient civilization of the Sumerians
The Kingdom of the Sumerians (or Sumeria), it is the area of the existence of earlier civilizations, which was the southernmost part of Mesopotamia between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates, in the vastness, which later became known as the Babylonian Kingdom, and currently stretching from Baghdad to the Persian Gulf.
By the third Millennium BC the Kingdom of Sumer included at least 12 city-States: Kish, Erech, Ur, Sipar, Aksak, Lurak, Nippur, Adab, Umma, Lagash, bad-tibira and Lars. Each state consisted of a walled town, surrounding villages and land, and each city worshiped its own deity, whose temple was the Central structure in the city. Power usually belonged to the people, but since the rivalry between the cities increased, each had its own institution of succession.
In the Sumerian list says that eight kings ruled before the great flood. After him, some of the city and their dynasty temporarily took power in other cities.
Mythical past of the Sumerians
In the Sumerian list describes the beginnings of the succession, which was seen as a divine institution: “the king was descended from heaven.” Rulers of early dynasties are described as if they ruled over a fantastically long period: “When the King came down from heaven, the Kingdom was in Eridug. In Heritage Alulim became king, he ruled for 28800 years. Aligar rules 36000 years. Two of the king, they ruled for 64800 years.”
Some of the rulers mentioned in the early lists, such as ETANA, Lugal band, and Gilgamesh are mythical figures or heroes of legends, whose heroic deeds are the basis in the Sumerian and Babylonian works.
In the earlier mentioned lists eight kings who ruled a total of 241200 years, starting from the time when “the king came down from heaven” to the time when the Flood washed the earth away and once again “the Kingdom descended to the earth” after the Flood.
Interpretation of long time Board
Unrealistically long reign of the early kings has generated attempts to interpret this riddle. Some argue that the use of such astronomical dates just disregard the calculation and should not be studied seriously. Others believe that such periods are actually taken place and the first Kings were in fact Gods, able to live much longer than humans.
Between these two extremes there is a hypothesis that such long dates reflect a significant power, triumph or importance. For example in Ancient Egypt, the phrase “he died aged 110 years”, relates to someone who has lived a full life and made a great contribution to the development of society. So incredibly long periods of the reign of the first kings can reflect what value and importance they represent in the eyes of the people. However, this does not explain why more recent times the Board was reflected in realistic terms.
There is also the view that the first kings just fiction, and there is no connection between them and the historically proven rulers who were later glorified in the myths.
Some scientists tried to explain these long periods under mathematical calculations. (Harrison 1993).
The connection family tree
Some scientists, among them were wood, in 2003, drew attention to the fact that there are interesting similarities between the Sumerian “king list” and family tree, Genesis. For example, Genesis tells the story of “the great flood” and Noah’s efforts to save all the animals on earth from destruction. Similarly, in the Sumerian list tells about the great flood:”the flood covered the earth.”
The Sumerian list points to the eight kings (some of it is about 10) who ruled for long periods before the flood, these periods range from 18600 years before 43200 years. This fits with Genesis, which reflects the generations from Creation to Flood. It is interesting that Adam and Noah shared eight generations, in the same way as in the Sumerian list between the occurrence of the Kingdom and the great flood is indicated as the time of the reign of eight kings.
After the flood in the Sumerian lists reflected a shorter date of reign. Thus in the Sumerian “king list” documented not only the great flood in the early period of human history, but, as in the Bible, the downward trend in longevity is the life expectancy of people was much bigger before the flood and after the flood periods became much shorter. (Wood, 2003)
The Sumerian list is truly a great mystery. Why Supercam needed to combine in one document the mythical rulers with actual? How many similarities with the Genesis? Why did Sumerian kings describe as if they ruled for thousands of years? These are just a few of the questions which remain unanswered, despite more than a century of research.
Translation for Treasure Planet — Stas Lapshin