The oldest structures on the planet
The oldest structures on the planet. On our planet there are a large number of structures (old buildings) of which humanity knows very little. They appeared thousands and sometimes, millions of years ago. Who built them and how is unknown. Perhaps one of the few buildings, which everyone knows, are the pyramids, not just Egypt.
To the list of the oldest buildings include the Tibetan or Himalayan pyramid. The most famous among them is mount Kailash. She is all alone, has a rounded symmetrical top, clear vertical and horizontal grooves. By the way, this explains another name of the peak – Swastika Mountain. In the Tibetan mountains have been numerous expeditions, including the expedition muldasheva. Scientists have discovered there a kind of Kozyrev’s mirrors, which constitute the plane with a height of approximately 1 kilometer, are arranged vertically. Mount Kailash since ancient times was considered sacred. Mention of it can be found in the Ramayana. According to some scientists, and the mountain itself, and mirrors, built with the power of the five elements – air, earth, water, fire and wind.
In addition, some scientists say that in reality the Kailas is not even a mountain, and the artificial pyramid. There is also evidence that these places possess mental effects. They, the researchers say, can change the human psyche, creating some obstacles.
On the top of the building was intermittently visible glowing orbs. And some scientists even believe that on top for people time flows very differently, despite the fact that no instrument anomalies do not record.
Among the most ancient construction (ancient buildings) also are the Egyptian pyramids. As a rule, when it comes to these pyramids, most people come to mind the pyramids of Giza – Cheops, mykerinos and Chephren. These pyramids differ from the pyramid of Djoser that have pyramidal, strictly geometric form. The walls of the pyramid rise at an angle of about 51-53 degrees to the horizontal, and faces are strictly oriented to the cardinal points.
The biggest of these pyramids is the pyramid of Cheops, which is built on a massive natural rock outcropping. Initially, the height of the pyramid reached about 146 meters, but now it has decreased a bit and is only about 139 meters. Sides of the pyramid have a length of 230 meters. This building dated to the 26th century BC. Suggest that its construction took about two decades.
The construction of a pyramid was spent 2.3 million stone blocks, fitted to each other very accurately without the use of cement or other binders. Weight of each block reached approximately 2.5 tons, but in the process of studies the blocks, the weight of which was 80 tons.
According to historical evidence on the building of the pyramid involved about one hundred thousand slaves. But there is another version according to which the builders of the pyramid were peasants, who periodically were free from field work. Some scholars argue that the construction of the pyramids was hard labor. It was recently discovered and the village in which there lived builders. There are found several bakeries, a brewery and a drying shed for fish. In addition, there were found the skeletons of cattle.
Judging by the found drawings and inscriptions, it can be assumed that the workers were working teams, between which there was a constant struggle for supremacy. In the cemetery of the settlement were found the skeletons of workers who indicate that during the life of the people engaged in hard physical labor. However, it was also found that many of them had multiple fractures and injuries, but recovered due to the high level of development of medicine.
Not far from the pyramids is the Great Sphinx, which was created much earlier. At first he had a beard. Japanese researchers were able to detect under one of the clutches of an underground passage that leads to the pyramid of Khafre, but to determine exactly where it ends is unknown.
All this official data, and do not trust them makes no sense. But much of what applies to the Egyptian pyramids, still remains a mystery how such huge structures that people can build with bare hands, and even for such a short period of time, even if currently, using the latest technologies, this cannot be done? And why later built anything similar was not?
Not less interesting are even some ancient structures – the pyramids of the Maya. Among them the most famous is the temple-pyramid of Kukulkan or El Castillo. The temple is located in the centre of the ancient city, and it is well seen from any point. Pyramid, many scholars called the great solar calendar. At the base of the pyramid is a square whose side is up to 55 metres and the height of the pyramid is 25 meters. The faces of the pyramid are placed the nine terraces, each representing one area of the Kingdom of the dead. To the top are 4 steep wide stairs, which were divided into 18 spans (the number of months in the Mayan calendar). Each ladder consists of 91 stages. If you add up the number of steps and add one on top, you get the number of days in year – 365. Apparently, according to the scientists, the pyramid was used for astronomical observations, because it is oriented to the cardinal.
In addition, Kukulkan has other unexplained properties. Twice a year, in the autumnal and spring equinoxes, the North stairs at the bottom ends on the heads of snakes. And at a certain time on the steps appear the triangles of shadow and light that make up the image of the sacred Snake that slides to the base of the structure. All this lasts exactly three hours and 22 minutes.
The scientists also found that the pyramid is a resonator of enormous size. The sound of footsteps of people who climb the external staircase inside the pyramid transformed into the voice of the sacred birds of Maya Quetzal. However, scientists can not yet understand how ancient builders were able to calculate the thickness of the walls and the acoustics of domestic rooms.
In addition, the ancient pyramids exist almost all around the world: Guatemala, Mexico, Honduras, Belize, Japan, Bosnia, on the island of Sardinia.
Scientists have been unable to date to unravel how ancient builders managed to erect such an unusual and complicated from technological and archaeological perspectives of the structure.
In the last century, with the development of aviation, come to pass, accidentally discovered the mysterious drawings of gigantic proportions, is coated on the surface of the earth. The most famous are drawings of the Nazca desert. These enigmatic figures, in the first place, because no one knows their purpose, is unknown to some people is their Creator, how they are caused.
The Nazca desert is located in Peru, 400 kilometers from Lima. The climate in this area is arid and the soil is not moistened the years. This area is a popular place for burials, so the tombs were arranged under the upper dry layers, and the top was applied ritual drawings. In these images, scientists were able to detect about 200 thousand ceramic vessels. Scientists do not exclude that the vessels were counterparts of those which were laid in the grave.
According to some scientists, the mysterious drawings were deposited on the surface of one of the ancient Indian cultures who lived in Peru order 1100-1700 years ago.
Similar figures exist in the USA, Africa, England, Kazakhstan, Altai and the Urals. It is obvious that in ancient times the application of giant figures was practiced among the inhabitants of the planet. Moreover, the shape and size of these drawings were different, and the images themselves were not intended for public viewing. They had to protect the shrines against possible looting. The priests probably had the drawings with the installation drawings and the tunnels under them.
Of great interest to scientists is a complex of stone sculptures and buildings of Tiahuanaco. It is an ancient town located on the southern shore of lake Titicaca. He was not far from the Nazca desert. Originally, scientists say, the city was built as a port. The weight of blocks of a pier ranges from 100 to 440 tons. Around 200 BC, this city became the sacred center. The population lived by the rich crops. The city had discovered a large quantity of the huge size of the temples, which reached a length of up to 126 meters and had a monolithic column. Thus blocks of stone from which these temples were constructed, and weighing not less than 130 tons and was exactly fitted to each other.
There, scientists discovered the arch extruded from a single block of andesite, which is called the gate of the Inca-Punku or Gateway of the Sun. They were decorated ornament with images of fantastical creatures and geometric signs, which performed the functions of the calendar.
Not less ancient structure is the Baalbek terrace in Lebanon. This temple was considered sacred. It had a rectangular shape, its length was of the order of 90 meters and a width of about 50 meters. Today the temple is almost nothing left, and of the 54 columns that hold the roof, there are only 6. However, scientists are more interested in the base, built of huge stone blocks with three large stones on top. The length of these stones reach 20 meters and resemble the raw blocks. The weight of each of them is about a thousand tons. Scientists have found another stone about the same giant size, which was on the ground. This allowed the scientists to make the assumption that the temple was still unfinished.
And again, all the stones are laid very precisely, with almost no gaps between them. To raise stones of such enormous weight, even under modern conditions, in the presence of special means, is problematic.
That’s why most scientists believe that the Baalbeck terrace and all the pyramids and other ancient structures are the creation of extraterrestrial aliens.