Riddles of existence of Hyperborea
According to ancient legend, the people lived in the far North, or «beyond the Boreas». These people are particularly loved by the God Apollo, who constantly sang the hymns. Every 19 years a patron of the arts went in a chariot drawn by swans, in this great country, that at certain times of the summer heat to return to Delphi. Apollo also awarded the Northern residents the ability to fly, like a bird in the sky.
In some legends it says that the Hyperboreans for a long time kept the ritual of the offering to Apollo of the first harvest of Delos (Greek island in the Aegean sea). But one day, after the most beautiful girls, sent gifts, did not return (was abused or left there on their own), Northern residents began to leave offerings at the border of the neighboring country. From here they are gradually transferred, up to the Delos, other people for a fee.
Hyperborea was famous for its favorable climate. The sun was rising there only once at the summer solstice and the light within six months. Came of it, respectively, during the winter solstice.
In the center of this Northern state was the lake-sea, which was rooted in four major rivers flowing into the ocean. Therefore, the map of Hyperborea resembled a round shield with a cross on the surface. The country was surrounded by very high mountains, through which they could not go no ordinary person. The Hyperboreans lived in dense forests and groves.
State of North residents was perfect in structure. In a Country of happy reigned eternal fun, accompanied by songs, dances, music and feasts. «There is always the dances of the virgins, rang out the sounds of the lyre and the singing flute». The Hyperboreans knew no strife, battles and diseases.
And the people, even to death were treated as freedom from satiety life. Having experienced all the pleasures, the man himself rushed into the sea.
Still, the question remains, to what race belonged to the legendary Hyperboreans. Some believe that it was people with black skin. Others argue that the skin was white and from the Hyperboreans became the Aryans.
This advanced civilization had close trade relations with many countries of the Mediterranean, southwest Asia, and even America. In addition, residents of this Northern state have earned a reputation and great teachers, thinkers and philosophers. It is known, for example, that the teacher of Pythagoras was a man from a country where «the day was dominated for six months».
Natives of this country were considered as known to the sages and servants of Apollo, Abaris and Aristeas. They are regarded as the incarnation of Apollo, because he knew the symbols of the ancient fetish of the God’s symbols (arrow, Raven, Laurel). During the life of Abaris and Aristeas taught and gave people new cultural values such as music, art to create poems and hymns, philosophy.
Here is a few information about the life of the beloved by Apollo of the people. They certainly are not evidence that the Hyperboreans really existed many years ago, but scientists continue to seek and receive all new confirming facts. A lot of interesting information, the researchers learned in the myths, legends and tales of the ancient peoples of the Earth.
Hyperborea in myths and legends
In the ancient Indian Vedas is the text, which says that the far North is the center of the universe, on the very spot where Lord Brahma secured North star. In the Mahabharata it is also reported that in the Dairy region is Meera, or World mountain. In Hindu mythology it is associated with the earth’s axis around which revolves our planet.
Here is a country where there’s a «taste of bliss». It is brave and courageous, detached from all evil, indifferent to disgrace and possessing enormous vitality. Cruel and dishonest have no place here.
In the ancient Sanskrit legends mentioned about the first inhabited continent, which was near the North pole. Here lived the legendary Hyperboreans. Their country was named after the Greek God Boreas, the ruler of the cold North wind. So literally translated name sounds like «at the top extreme Northern country.» It was around the beginning of the tertiary era.
It is known that about the North country knew, the Greeks and the Greeks. Probably before Hyperborea disappeared, she was one of the main spiritual centers of the Ancient world.
The reconstruction of the city of Arkaim in the southern Urals. Some believe that it was built by the natives of Hyperborea
Mention of the great power there is in the Chinese writings. From them we learn about one of the Emperor Yao, who worked a lot in order to rule perfectly. But after the Emperor visited the «white island» populated by «real people», he realized that he only «screwed up». There saw Yao a sample of the Superman, indifferent and «allowing you to spin the cosmic wheel».
On the «white island» and knew the peoples who inhabited the territory of modern Mexico. But what is this mysterious island? The researchers also correlated it with the Hyperborea as a whole or with one of the Islands belonging to it.
The inhabitants of the New Earth, there are also legends about mysterious country. They, in particular, says that if you go all the way to the North through a long and wandering the ice cold winds, you can get to people, just loving and knows no enmity and malice. They have one leg and they can’t move individually. So people have to walk in each other’s arms, and then they can even run. When the Northern residents love, it can work wonders. Losing the ability to love, they die.
Legends about the country of the Hyperboreans in the Extreme North, are present in almost all the ancient peoples of the world. They are the only sources of information about a legendary country. But since the myths and legends evolved people, many of the facts or events they do not understand, changed. Therefore, researchers interested in ancient civilization, strive to find scientific proof of the existence of Hyperborea.
Where Hyperboreans took the heat
Among all the questions concerning the existence of the legendary Hyperborea, scientists are especially interested in the following: how Hyperboreans warmly received in the North?
That once on site, currently covered with eternal ice, was a pretty warm climate, it was even said by M. V. Lomonosov. In particular, he wrote that «in the Northern lands in ancient forever great heat there were, where elephants born and breed you».
According to modern science, in that era the climate of Hyperborea was really close to tropical. Evidence of this fact, there are many. For example, on Svalbard and in Greenland at the time, discovered the fossilized remains of palm trees, magnolias, tree ferns and other tropical plants.
Scientists have several theories as to where the Hyperboreans took the heat. According to one hypothesis, they have transformed the warmth of the natural geysers (as in Iceland). Although today we know that his power is still not enough to heat the whole continent during the onset of winter.
Proponents of the second hypothesis believe that the heat source could be the Gulf stream. However, it is also not powerful enough to heat even a relatively small area (an example is the Murmansk region, where the Gulf stream ends). But there is an assumption that it was more powerful.
According to another assumption, Hyperborea was heated artificially. If the people of this country decided for themselves the problem of air movement, longevity, rational semiaperture, it is likely that they were able to provide themselves with warmth and even learned how to control the climate.
Why the killing of Hyperborea
Scientists today tend to think that the cause of death of this ancient civilization, like Atlantis, was a natural disaster.
It is known that the climate of Hyperborea was tropical or close to it, but then came the cold snap. Scientists accept the idea that it happened as a result of global natural disasters, such as displacement of the earth’s axis.
Ancient astronomers and priests believed that it happened around 400 million years ago. But then the hypothesis with the displacement axis disappears, since, according to the ancient myths and legends, the country of the Hyperboreans existed at the North pole just a few thousand years ago.
Another reason for the disappearance of the continent could become the ice ages following one another. The last glaciation happened in the beginning of the tenth Millennium BC From the effects of this global process has affected Latin America and Europe. The advance of glaciers occurred, most likely, very quickly (as discovered in Siberia, mammoths have oledeneli alive). As a result of subsequent melting of glaciers the water was vast areas of land.
It is assumed that Hyperborea was not completely submerged and are located in the area of Greenland, Spitsbergen, Iceland, Jan Mayen, as well as Siberia and the Alaskan Peninsula are the remains of the Northern continent.
Other hypotheses as to why the killing of Hyperborea, does not exist today. Scientists do not undertake to answer this question until you find the address the greatest mysteries: where is it located?
Where to find Hyperborea?
Scientific evidence for the existence of the legendary seventh continent to date no, if not to take into account the ancient legends, old prints and maps. For example, on the map of Gerard Mercator labeled the Arctic continent (where it is suspected Hyperborea), and around it pretty accurately depicted the Arctic ocean.
Arctic continent on the Gerardus Mercator, 1595
This card has caused huge interest among scientists and researchers. The fact that it marked the place where the «Golden woman» — in the mouth of the Ob river. Does this mean that the statue is wanted for many centuries throughout Siberia, is unknown. The map also indicates its exact location.
Today, many researchers involved in the search for the mysterious Hyperborea believe that unlike Atlantis, disappeared without a trace, she still remained part of the land is in Northern Russia.
According to other assumptions, Hyperborea was located on the site of modern Iceland. Although neither there neither in Greenland nor in Spitsbergen archaeologists have so far failed to find any traces of ancient civilization. Scientists attribute this to not stopped is still volcanic activity, which destroyed, perhaps many millennia ago, the ancient Northern city.
Targeted searches of Hyperborea is never done, however, in the beginning of XX century in the area of seidozero and Lovozero (Murmansk oblast) went on a scientific expedition. It was led by the famous traveller A. Barchenko and A. Kondiain. During research they were engaged in ethnographic, geographic, and psycho-physical study area.
Once travelers accidentally came across an unusual hole going deep into the earth, but to enter it failed for some strange reason: everyone who tried to go down there, covered wild, inexplicable horror. However, the researchers photographed the strange passage into the ground.
After returning to Moscow, the expedition passed the report on the journey, but the data was immediately classified. The most interesting thing about this story is that in the lean years for Russia, the government approved the preparation and financing of this expedition. Most likely, she was given great importance. A. Barchenko as a leader upon his return was arrested and executed. Received materials for a long time were kept secret.
In the early 90-ies of XX century, doctor of philosophical Sciences V. Demin became aware of the expedition of Alexander Barchenko. After reviewing its findings, and studied in detail the legends and traditions of the peoples, in which was mentioned about the mysterious Northern country, he decided to go on a quest.
In 1997-1999, was organized expedition to the Kola Peninsula in search of the legendary Hyperborea. The researchers had the only task — to find traces of the ancient cradle of mankind.
It may seem strange why the North tried to detect these traces. It is believed that ancient civilizations existed in the middle East, in South and East Asia between the twelfth and II millennia BC, but before that their ancestors lived in the North, where the climate was completely different.
In result of research it turned out that those people who reside near Seidozero, still preserved a reverential respect and awe of the area.
Even just two centuries ago the southern shore of the lake was considered the most honorable place for the burial of shamans and other respected people of the people of Saam. Even fish representatives of this Northern people fished here only once a year. In the sámi language, the name of the lake and the underworld identified.
For two years the expedition discovered on the Kola Peninsula many traces of the ancestral homeland of civilizations. It is known that the people of Hyperborea were sun-worshipers. The cult of the Sun existed in the North in subsequent times. Here was found ancient petroglyphs of the Sun: a point inside one or two circles. Similar symbols can be seen among the ancient Egyptians and Chinese. She walked in and modern astronomy, where the symbolic image of the Sun remained the same as it was thousands of years ago.
Of great interest to researchers called artificial mazes. It is from here that they spread throughout the world. Scientists have now proved that these stone structures are encoded by the projection of the passage of the Sun across the Arctic sky.
Stone blocks on the mountain Vottovaara is the highest peak in Karelia
In the sacred seydozero Sami was discovered powerful megalithic complex of giant buildings, religious and defensive masonry, geometrically regular plates with mysterious signs. Nearby were the ruins of an ancient Observatory, built in the rocks. Its 15-meter trench with sight staring at the sky and strongly resembles the famous Ulugbek Observatory near Samarkand.
In addition, the researchers found several destroyed buildings, road, stairs, Etruscan anchor and well under a mountain of Culdesac. They made numerous findings suggesting that once there dwelt a people, a knowledge of craft art.
The expedition found several rock carvings of Lotus and Trident. Of particular interest was the huge cross-shaped picture of a man — «the old man Koivu», which, according to legend, was imbedded in the rock Kamasurta.
These findings of course are not proof that there once existed a highly developed civilization. But quite often happens so: the most daring hypotheses, broken at the time, in smithereens, was subsequently confirmed.
Still have not received specific information about the location of the island or continent of Hyperborea. According to modern scientific data, around the North pole are not Islands, but there is the underwater Lomonosov ridge, named in honour of its discoverer. He, along with a nearby Mendeleev ridge recently dived under the water.
Therefore, assuming that in ancient times, the ridge was inhabited, its inhabitants could move to the other continents in areas of the Canadian Arctic archipelago, and the Kola and Taimyr peninsulas, or the Eastern Delta of the Lena river. Just in this territory inhabited by peoples that have preserved the legend about the «Golden woman» and, as a consequence, information about the legendary Hyperborea.
The solution of these and many other mysteries we have to learn in the future.